Country and people


Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (Ròcabruna Caup Martin in Occitan, Roccabruna-Capo Martino in Italian) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France between Monaco and Menton. The name was changed from Roquebrune to differentiate the town from Roquebrune-sur-Argens in the neighboring Var Department.


In pre-Roman times the area was settled by the Ligurians. Traces of their language can be still found in the local dialect.

The commune (originally known as Roccabruna) was founded in 970 by Conrad I, count of Ventimiglia, in order to protect his western border.

In 1355, Roccabruna fell under the control of the Grimaldi family of Monaco for five centuries, during which time the castle was strengthened.

In 1793, Roquebrune became French for the first time, changing the name from the original Roccabruna, but it was returned to Monaco in 1814.

In 1848, there was a revolution related to the Italian Risorgimento, with the result that Roccabruna and Menton became free cities under the protection of the Savoy Prince.

They hoped to be part of the Kingdom of Sardinia, but this did not occur, and the towns after two years of independence were put under Savoyan administration (but nominally still under the Prince of Monaco).

They remained in a state of political limbo from 1849 until were finally ceded to France by a plebiscite in 1861.

Giuseppe Garibaldi, who promoted the union of the County of Nice to Italy, complained that the plebiscite was not done with "universal vote" and consequently Roccabruna was requested by the Italian Irredentism.

As a consequence of these irredentism ideals, during World War II all the coastal area between Italy and Monte Carlo was occupied and administered by the Kingdom of Italy until September 1943.

In 1804 Napoleon built a road along the coastline. This road connected the village to the rest of the Côte d'Azur, and eventually led to its merger with the smaller town of Cap-Martin.

Roquebrune-Cap-Martin today:

Today Roquebrune-Cap-Martin comprises several villages and towns: St.Roman, practically a suburb of Monaco, the residential areas of Cabbé, Bon Voyage and Serret, Roquebrune with its perched village and château, the posh Cap Martin peninsula and the modern seaside resort of Carnolès with its long pebble beach bordering Menton.

All the area has a huge tourism activity, mainly from April to October.

Région: Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Département: Alpes-Maritimes

Arrondissement: Nice

Canton: Menton-Ouest

Intercommunalité: Communauté d'agglomération de la Riviera française

Site Web:

Population: 13 177 hab. (2007)

Densité: 1 412 hab./km2

Altitudes: mini. 0 m — maxi. 800 m


VILLA IN ROQUEBRUNE CAP MARTIN (Obj.Nr. : 01392)icon_meer

Number of rooms: 5/6 Number of bathrooms / shower rooms: 2/2 Swimming pool: yes Garage: yes, + parkings View: scenic sea view Special qualites: ROQUEBRUNE CAP MARTIN sur le plateau, villa de 314.79m2 REFAITE A NEUF, finitures de luxe, sur 3 niveaux avec piscine. ...

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VILLA IN ROQUEBRUNE CAP MARTIN (Obj.Nr. : 01388)icon_meer

Piece of land: 400 sqm Habitable surface: 190 sqm Number of bedrooms:4 Number of bathrooms / shower rooms:2/1 Garage: yes View: view of the sea, Special qualites: ROQUEBRUNE CAP MARTIN magnifique villa en style provençal d´environ 200 m2 complètement rénovée, de ...

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